Small encyclopedia of gynecology


Ultrasound examination

It is a method that uses sound waves of high frequency (of the order of MHz). Waves are transmitted probe attached to the patient's body, penetrate tissues and different structures in the body are reflected to varying degrees . The reflected wave probe receives the quantities of the received wave is generated on the monitor screen.

At present, the commonly used two-dimensional image capturing section of the body in the plane of the transmitted waves. There are devices that are able to create a three-dimensional image of the 3-D ( three-dimensional = ) . Their use is still rare. Before the UTZ examination is necessary to apply a special gel on the skin , which allows easier transmission of ultrasonic waves. Examiner holds in his hand the so-called UTZ probe , which is the transmitter ultrasonic waves and reflected waves at the same time the receiver.

The probe cable is connected to its own device, the computer processes the information received and displayed on the screen in the form of the human eye comprehensible two-dimensional black and white. Ultrasound is able to create ' slices ' through the body. Ultrasound examination is used for oversight of internal genital organs and ev . other structures in the pelvis to assess their shape , determine the size , relationships.

Diagnoses and beginning of pregnancy, uterine fibroids, cysts and other tumors, inflammatory foci in the uterine appendages, or effusion . blood in the abdominal cavity, etc.


Treatment of women with bladder urine (incontinence)

Comprehensive solution incontinence in relation to clinical work.

Urinary incontinence

Incontinence, involuntary leakage of urine , suffers from a relatively large percentage of people . It is understood primarily as a health problem associated with older age man. Incontinence is not a diagnosis that affects affects both women , men and children and negatively affects their quality of life . The causes can be very diverse. Expert sources say that the problem comes into contact with, even for a transitional period of up to 50% of women.

In 5-10% of them must be voiding dysfunction , surgically or conservatively treated.

The problem of diagnosis and treatment of incontinence in the Czech Republic has a number of specialized sites. Treatment results are quite favorable. Unfortunately, doctors faced in practice with the fact that women suffering from uncontrolled leakage of urine are hard to cope with feelings of shame and trouble trying to conceal , and seek professional help only a small percentage of them.

What is incontinence

Urinary incontinence is called a condition in which a person is not able to consciously control the loss of urine . Bladder urine from the urethra can affect both children and men and women, at any age . Although it might seem that this disorder makes life harder for mostly older people , the opposite is true. Uncontrolled leakage of urine suffer mostly women of childbearing age . The statistics speak about , for example, stress incontinence affects approximately 20 % of women aged around 45 years.


Plastic surgery in gynecology (Aesthetic gynecology)

Reducing the labia minora

Reduce the labia minora with their excessive size resection or wedge resection

Reducing the vaginal opening and the vagina

The operation, which was carried out mainly in patients after multiple births , which are vaginal entrance or even vaginal birth is too large

Newly created anthems

Restoring the hymen simulating the absence of prior sexual intercourse

Plastic treatment of vaginal opening after poor healing birth injury

Plastic surgery correcting defects changing the appearance and function of the dam , vagina and vaginal opening for birth injury


Small gynecological procedures

Complete index of so-called small gynecological procedures:


small gynecological operations, which is the diagnostic and therapeutic exercise, is used to obtain material from the uterine cavity using a tool called curette


small gynecological surgery used to remove unwanted pregnancy from the uterus, usually plastic suction tube - cannula


small gynecological operations, the introduction of a thin endoscope through proudly into the uterine cavity uterine visually evaluate the condition of the mouth cavity including, fallopian tubes or the appearance of the endometrium

Operating hysteroscopy

minor gynecological performance that enables the introduction of endoscopic instruments into the uterine cavity removing such small fibroids or polyps in the uterine cavity

Ablation of warts

small gynecological power used to remove growths on the external genitals with an electric crank or a scalpel

Cervical conization electrical loop

minor gynecological procedure performed for diseases of the cervix


Great gynecological surgery

Laparoscopy - endoscopic surgery - minimally invasive procedure

  • diagnosis of sterility

    gynecological surgery used to determine the cause sterility, illustrating the state of the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes (including finding their throughput) and the pelvic and abdominal cavity
  • upset adhesions

    adhesions in the pelvis may cause sterility or pain, is the most gentle laparoscopic upset
  • Conservative surgery fallopian tubes or ovaries

    laparoscopic surgery, in which as carefully remove cysts from the ovaries or fallopian tubes clears
  • Removal of the ovaries or fallopian tubes

    surgery in which the laparoscopically removing the fallopian tubes or ovaries, for example because of a tumor or inflammation
  • Removal of fibroids from the uterus

    gynecological surgery used to remove fibroids from the uterus, causing sterility example, bleeding or pain
  • Removal of the appendix

    Endoscopic surgery is used to withdraw the appendix without traditional open abdominal cavity
  • sterilization

    surgery, during which interrupts the ligation for permanent inability to conceive

Classical approach - ie opening the abdominal wall abdominal incision

  • Disruption of adhesions, removal of ovaries or fallopian tubes, uterine fibroid removal, removal of the uterus - a complete index of gynecological surgery that is done if for some reason it is not possible to resolve the situation endoscopic

Classical approach - vaginal (vulva)

  • Removing the uterus and uterine appendages

    the most frequently performed during the descent of the uterus and vaginal walls, usually in the higher age categories
  • Sculptures vaginal walls

    operations are carried out mostly at fault continence (keeping urine) and mostly older women

A combined approach - laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy

  • Currently very busy gynecological surgery, during which the laparoscopic preparation (minimal trauma abdominal wall) withdraw the uterus or fallopian tubes and ovaries with scabbard . Advantages over the conventional approach abdominálnímu withdraw the uterus is shortened hospitalization and convalescence especially after surgery