It is a method that uses sound waves of high frequency (of the order of MHz). Waves are transmitted probe attached to the patient's body, penetrate tissues and different structures in the body are reflected to varying degrees . The reflected wave probe receives the quantities of the received wave is generated on the monitor screen.
At present, the commonly used two-dimensional image capturing section of the body in the plane of the transmitted waves. There are devices that are able to create a three-dimensional image of the 3-D ( three-dimensional = ) . Their use is still rare. Before the UTZ examination is necessary to apply a special gel on the skin , which allows easier transmission of ultrasonic waves. Examiner holds in his hand the so-called UTZ probe , which is the transmitter ultrasonic waves and reflected waves at the same time the receiver.
The probe cable is connected to its own device, the computer processes the information received and displayed on the screen in the form of the human eye comprehensible two-dimensional black and white. Ultrasound is able to create ' slices ' through the body. Ultrasound examination is used for oversight of internal genital organs and ev . other structures in the pelvis to assess their shape , determine the size , relationships.
Diagnoses and beginning of pregnancy, uterine fibroids, cysts and other tumors, inflammatory foci in the uterine appendages, or effusion . blood in the abdominal cavity, etc.